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Battel`s Main costume, and the one mostly used at Home Events, is, of course, a Saxon. This might
raised the question, just who were the Saxons anyway? Well.. First, they there not English by any means, They were German.
The First mention of the Saxon tribe, or the Saxones, was in Ptolemy`s Geographia, written in the 2nd Century. The Term is meant to come from
the word `Sax` which means Stone Knife but others believe it might be from Seax, which was a knife they used. The Tribe were located on the north of the lower River Elbe in modern day Germany. However,
no original copy exists of the Geographia, and other copies seam to label is as `Axones`. Many currently believe that `Axones` was a misspelling
of the Aviones tribe, as listed by Tacitus in his word `Germania` and that `Saxones` was added by later scribes to correct the mistake
of a name they didn`t understand. The first use of the name that is confirmed is from 356 A.D., when Julian Augustus mentioned them
in a speech, claiming there were allies of the rival emperor of Gaul, Magnentius. In 4th and early 5th Century references to them, Saxons are
described as pirates or warlords, often raiding Gaul and Britain. To order to defend Britain from the Saxon raids, the Romans created the
Litus Saxonicum, or Saxon Coast, on both sides of the English channel, as a military district. Around 441, a Gaul historian wrote that
Britain has fallen under the rule of the Saxons. Other then the debated reference in the Geographia, the first time the Saxons are described as being in
germany was in 555, when the Frankish king, Theudebald, died and the Saxons used this for an uprising, however, Chlothar 1, the successor of
Theudebald, suppressed this.
At this point, we have two groups of Saxons. the Continental Saxons, living in part of what became germany, called Saxony, and the British Saxons, originally from Germany.
Along with the Saxons, other tribes had invaded (or Migrated) to Great Britain when the Roman empire fell. This included the Angles, the Frisians and the Jutes. While
many Saxons have been believed to have already settled in Briton, these were small groups around the shores of the south and east and it is believed that the
Saxons were the first tribe to come over at the end of the roman rule as part of a deal to protect Britons against the Picts, the Irish and other that may attack, but this story
is up for great debate. Four Separate major Saxon realms grew in Briton. the East Saxons created the Kingdom of Essex, the Middle Saxons created the provinces of Middlesex,
the South Saxons created the kingdom of Sussex, and the West Saxons created the Kingdom of Wessex. During the reign of the Kings of Wessex, between Egbert to Alfred the Great, the County
was unified, when they invaded and conquered the Anglos and the Kingdom of England was created.
Since we are here, the Angles were also Germanic people, from Angulus (modern day Angeln) and it is there name that became England. There Kingdoms were Nord Angelnen (modern day Northumbria),
Ost Angelnen (East Anglia) and Mittlere Angelnen (Mercia, more commonly called the English Midlands). It should also be noted that Northumbria once went as high as Edinburgh and
Southeast Scotland. Due to the intermixing and influence of the West Saxons on the Anglos, the Normans refered to the tribes collectively as the Anglo-Saxons.
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